the metz centre pompidou – nearing completion


subway ad for centre pompidou-metz openening on may 12
image courtesy philip gumuchdji
france’s first pompidou centre outside paris, the centre pompidou metz in alsace-lorraine,
will open on may 12, 2010. it houses permanent and temporary exhibitions from the
musee national d’art  moderne. here are photographs of the finished building, a project by
shigeru ban and jean de gastines associated with philip gumuchdjia. the winning competition
design team included landscape architect michel desvignes, cecil balmond of arup engineers,
and lighting designer ingo maurer.

centre pompidou-metz
image © shigeru ban architects europe / jean de gastines architectes / metz métropole / centre pompidou-metz / roland halbe

the centre pompidou-metz is a large hexagonal structure covering a collection of interior
spaces. it is structured around a central spire of 77 metres height. with a surface area of
8,000 m2, the roofing is made up of hexagonal wooden units resembling the cane-work
pattern, like that of  a chinese hat. this structure has then been covered with a waterproof
membrane made from fibre glass and teflon (PTFE or poly-tetra-fluoro ethylene).


chantier du centre pompidou-metz
image © shigeru ban architects europe et jean de gastines architectes / metz métropole / centre pompidou-metz / olivier H. dancy
three galleries in the shape of rectangular (parallelepipedic) tubes weave through
the building at different levels, jutting out through the roof with huge panoramic windows,
angled towards landmarks such as the metz cathedral, the metz station and the seille park.

centre pompidou-metz
image © shigeru ban architects europe e jean de gastines architectes / metz métropole / centre pompidou-metz / olivier h. dancy
centre pompidou-metz
image © shigeru ban architects europe e jean de gastines architectes / metz métropole / centre pompidou-metz /
roland halbe

view from the inside
image © shigeru ban architects europe e jean de gastines architectes / metz métropole / centre pompidou-metz /
roland halbe
inside the building, the space is flooded with day light, the atmosphere is enhanced by
a pale wood roof, white-painted walls and floors in pearl-grey polished concrete.
the gallery spaces’ environmental systems are entirely hidden within a floor plenum
and above a permeable ceiling system providing curators with maximum flexibility
(each gallery will be re-hung every third year).
centre pompidou-metz, night view
image © shigeru ban architects europe et jean de gastines architectes / metz métropole / centre pompidou-metz /
roland halbe
the building is surrounded by a square and garden. 5,000 m2 of the 10,660 m2 total
surface area is devoted to exhibition space, and the remaining space may also house
works of art: in the sculpture garden, in the forum, on the restaurant terrace and on the
top of the galleries.

image from the webcam © metz métropole / centre pompidou-metz

image from the webcam © metz métropole / centre pompidou-metz
chantier du centre pompidou-metz
image © shigeru ban architects europe et jean de gastines architectes / metz métropole / centre pompidou-metz / olivier h. dancy

the roof, inside the centre pompidou-metz
image © shigeru ban architects europe e jean de gastines architectes / metz métropole / centre pompidou-metz / olivier h. dancy

inside the centre pompidou-metz
image © shigeru ban architects europe e jean de gastines architectes / metz métropole /centre pompidou-metz / olivier h. dancy

inside the centre pompidou-metz
image © shigeru ban architects europe e jean de gastines architectes / metz métropole /centre pompidou-metz / roland halbe

centre pompidou-metz
image © shigeru ban architects europe e jean de gastines architectes / metz métropole /centre pompidou-metz / roland halbe

height=”735″ src=”http://www.designboom.com/cms/images/fiona/metz027.jpg” title=”” width=”550″ />

centre pompidou-metz
image © shigeru ban architects europe et jean de gastines architectes / metz métropole / centre pompidou-metz /
roland halbe

image from the webcam © metz métropole / centre pompidou-metz
see the 7-day-video of the last week
see three years of construction in video
an architectural competition was launched on march 18, 2003 and a shortlist announced
on may 27. the project of shigeru ban and jean de gastines associated with philip gumuchdjia
was selected on november 26 the same year. the foundation stone was laid on november 7, 2006.

organic form of the roof with its woven timber structure …
image courtesy metz magazine by publishing house le moniteur

… connected to the ground by gentle whirlwinds of timber and steel.
image courtesy metz magazine by publishing house le moniteur

image courtesy metz magazine by publishing house le moniteur

covering the roof
image courtesy metz magazine by publishing house le moniteur

covering the roof
image courtesy metz magazine by publishing house le moniteur
a book on the competition designs of the centre pompidou – metz is published by
les editions du centre pompidou and le moniteur.


the sloping ‘woven’ roof structure takes inspiration from the technical properties of chinese hats and bridges
image courtesy shigeru ban office
digital model of the 1600 pieces of the roof hat, covering an area of 8500 m2
image courtesy shigeru ban office

drawings by shigeru ban office

drawings by shigeru ban office
the roof spans over 60m and encloses a huge forum space within which the galleries
are suspended. circulation between galleries provide the visitor with a dramatic experience
and a sharp contrast to the cool gallery spaces within. the design exploits mainly passive
means to produce an energy efficient building. the large overhanging roof protects the facades
from the weather in winter and provides shade in the summer.

for more information, read our previous publication ‘the metz centre pompidou: nearing completion
(march 2010) and the ‘winning entry of the competition and finalists projects‘ (2004) which
follow the selection stages of the final design.


the metz, pompidou – nearing completion

photo © emmanuel dambrine

french photographer emmanuel dambrine has taken photos throughout the construction
process of the metz centre pompidou by shigeru ban and jean de gastines. here are some
of his latest images of the building which is nearing completion, due to open in
may this year.emmanuel describes his work:

I just want to share my fascination for this modern building in an old town, very nice
but without architectural boldness. the metamorphose of an no man’s land in a new area
is fascinating. the link between nature and the project was my first subject. but, rapidly,
I have been captivated by this original construction… I consider my ‘work’ as a ‘chronique
visuelle buisonnière’, a good way to explain what I tried to show
.’

photo © emmanuel dambrine


a distant view

photo © emmanuel dambrine


photo © emmanuel dambrine


construction workers on the roof


an style=”font-size:small;”>photo © emmanuel dambrine

photo © emmanuel dambrine


photo © emmanuel dambrine


a view in the evening

photo © emmanuel dambrine


night view

photo © emmanuel dambrine


detail of the roof at night

photo © emmanuel dambrine


night view

photo © emmanuel dambrine


the metz, pompidou at night

photo © emmanuel dambrine

the metz centre pompidou by shigeru ban and jean de gastines

shigeru ban and jean de gastines were the winners of the international architecture
competition launched by metz metropole (ca2m), the project owner for the metz centre
pompidou. out of 157 entries, 6 were shortlisted by a jury chaired by jean-marie rausch
and made up of elected representatives, architects and key figures in december 2003.the building interior surface is 10 000m2 and includes exhibition areas in three adjustable
galleries in the main nave, as well as within the creative studio. other areas can also
be used for exhibits: the garden, the forum, the restaurant terrace, and the top of the galleries.


model of the metz centre pompidou by shigeru ban and jean de gastines
the roof, inspired by a woven chinese hat, is an astounding structural achievement:
a hexagon echoing the shape of the floor map, made up of a series of modular elements,
also hexagons measuring 2.9 metres on each side. the structure is made from highly
resistant glue-laminated wood, providing a mesh that can span lengths of about 40 metres.
the wooden roof structure by german company ingenieur holzleimbau wiedmann was
completed at the end of august this year.

video stills of construction of the the metz centre pompidou of the past seven days

video stills of construction of the the metz centre pompidou of the past seven days
the roof structure is a highly complex design which has never been done before in
construction. in total there are 1800 individual beams (cut exact to the mm) with no one
being the same. when all beams are laid out flatly in a line they measure to be 15km in
length. at its highest point the roof reaches up to 77 meters.
prior to construction the company created a 10 x 10 m2 scale model to calculate the surface
of the roof, which worked out to be approximately 8500m2. initially the CNC milling machine
robot they developed for construction would need to operate 24hrs in one year to produce
all pieces, however they worked on optimizing it so the beams could be produced in three
quarters of a year.

chinese hat

wooden structure

rendering of structure

interior of the metz centre pompidou
at present a transparent membrane is being applied to protect the wood for all weather
conditions, by professional mountain climbers.
the entire building is expected to cost 65 million euro, with the roof on its own costing
8 million euro. originally due to be completed on september 30, 2009 it is now scheduled
to open in 2010.
you can follow the construction of the centre pompidou-metz on line, or consult the video
of the day before, as well as the seven past days video.
http://www.mairie-metz.fr

drawings of the metz centre pompidou

drawings of the metz centre pompidou


drawings of the metz centre pompidou

drawings of the metz centre pompidou

drawings of the metz centre pompidou

drawings of the metz centre pompidou

rendering of the metz centre pompidou
architects: shigeru ban architects europe, with jean de gastines, paris
additional architect during the competition phase: philip gumuchdjian, london
structural engineers: arup, london
shigeru ban has worked with jean de gastines since 2000 on all his projects in france.
together they founded, in 2004, shigeru ban architects europe, a paris-based subsidiary
of the japanese company shigeru ban architects tokyo.
update on metz construction:
we have received this information from fabian from designtoproduction who has notified
us further on construction.
– the main contractor for the roof was holzbau amann in weilheim/bannholz (DE),
supported by création holz (consulting), SJB kempter-fitze (engineering), designtoproduction
(parametric CAD-model) and icapp (geometry).
– the roof construction is not built from modular hexagonal elements but from six layers
of continuous glue-lam girders, assembled from almost 1800 pieces (most of the renderings
show 3 layers in every girder, in the final structure there are only 2). they are connected by
a hardwood pin with a steel rod at the crossing points.
– the segments were not fabricated by a robot but on a krüsi lignamatic, a 5-axis CNC joinery
machine for timber fabrication, which cut the final geometry out of glue-lam blanks.
– the highest point of the roof is at about 35m. only the mast on top reaches 77m.