Al Hamra Firdous Tower Kuwait by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill

milimetdesign updated from

som_al_hamra_firdous_01All images and information courtesy of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP. Copyright by desMena.

The Al Hamra Firdous Tower in Kuwait City designed by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill.

Al Hamra Firdous Tower

Rising 412 meters in the center of Kuwait City, Al Hamra Firdous Tower is a landmark tower of iconic sculptural form that offers breathtaking views of the Arabian Gulf. The purity of its form, expressed by a simple operation of removal, will be a timeless, elegant marker in the heart of Kuwait.


With the aim of maximizing views and minimizing solar heat gain on the office floors, a quarter of each floor plate is chiseled out of the south side, shifting from west to east over the height of the tower. The result reveals a rich, monolithic stone at the south wall framed by the graceful, twisting ribbons of torqued walls, defining the iconic form of the tower.


The building’s appearance resembles a subtle, elegant modern sculpture or an enshrouded figure with its delicate glass veil reflecting the profile of the peninsula. The resultant form will provide transparency on the north, east and west sides towards the Gulf and near-complete opacity side against the severe desert sun to the south.


The solid south wall is generated in order to decrease the solar radiation. Openings are based on the relationship of the envelope and its position in relation to the sun. The geometry of the interior wall is generated and responds to the need to minimize solar heat gain. This wall not only protects the building from critical environmental conditions, but also takes on the role of the structural spine of the building. The point at the apex of the tower not only resolves this complex geometry of the carved flared walls but also implies the continuation of the sculptural form infinitely upwards.



On each floor of the tower a skybridge connects the two wings and presents a dramatic spatial experience with deep sculpted windows in the south wall providing dramatic views south towards the city, the peninsula and the infinite desert beyond.



The tower will welcome tenants with a soaring 20-meter tall lobby featuring a high articulated lamella structure which supports the tower above and articulates the space below. The geometry of the lobby area is generated by applying the principles of lamella structures. The structure provides continuity from the building to its footing and acts as a strengthening component while being completely integrated with the structure.





Location Sharq, Kuwait City, Kuwait

Size 195,000 gross square meters (approx. 2.1 million gross square feet)

Height 412 meters (1,381 feet)
78 stories

Completion Date 2010 (estimate)

Client/Developer Al Hamra Real Estate and Entertainment Co.
Mr. Abdulaziz Alhumaidhi

Architect Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP
Gary Haney, AIA Design Partner
Peter Magill, AIA Managing Partner
Carl Galioto, FAIA Technical Partner
Donald R. Williams , AIA Project Manager
Aybars Asci, AIA Senior Designer
Mark Igou, AIA Senior Technical Coordinator
Dean MacKenzie Designer
Samuel Ness Technical Coordinator
Eric Van Epps Technical Coordinator
James Mallory
Noppon Pisutharnon
Yasemin Kologlu
Souraya Daouk
Tobias Schwinn

Associate Architect Al-Jazera Consultants

Structural Engineer Skidmore Owings & Merrill LL
Mark Sarkisian Structural Partner
Neville Mathais
Aarom Mazeika Senior Structural Engineer

MEP Engineer Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
Roger Frechette, PE, LEED AP Director, MEP Engineering
Philip Sawyer Senior Mechanical Engineer
Ermenegildo Di Iorio Senior Electrical Engineer
Michael Scotter Mechanical Engineer

Project Manager Turner Construction Co., International

General Contractor Ahmadiah Contracting & Trading Co.

Telecom, Acoustics,
Security, IT Shen Milsom & Wilke

Vertical Transportation Van Deusen & Associates

Lighting OVI (Office for Visual Interaction)

Façade Maintenance Entek Engineering

Renderer Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP